Cooperative Baptist Fellowship
Cooperative Baptist Fellowship was formed in Atlanta in 1991 in response to the growing fundamentalism of the Southern Baptist Convention, the largest Baptist organization in the country. Often in partnership with other groups, the Cooperative Baptist Fellowship provides moral and
financial support for preaching, teaching, medical, and agricultural missionaries; thirteen theological schools; various publication
ventures; a wide range of organizations exploring ethical and ecumenical issues; and numerous social service agencies. A national
coordinating council of elected representatives from each state or geographic region loosely oversees the entire operation.
After more than a decade of increasing differences with conservatives, moderate Baptists from the Southern Baptist Convention
first held their own conference in Atlanta in 1990 to discuss the possibility of forming a separate Baptist organization.
These moderates disagreed with the increasing theological conservatism of the Southern Baptist Convention and its leaders,
especially the emphasis on biblical inerrancy—the interpretation of the Bible as literal, historical fact—and the opposition
to the ordination of women in the church.
In May 1991
the Reverend Daniel Vestal headed the committee in Atlanta that proposed the formation of the Cooperative Baptist Fellowship.
Under the leadership of Vestal, Cecil Sherman, and R. Keith Parks, the Cooperative Baptist Fellowship has since grown to include
a nationwide confederation of congregations. Among the fellowship's concerns have been the inclusion of women and minority
groups in church organizations, the right of every believer personally to interpret the Scripture, and the appropriation of
mission funding for moderate Baptist groups outside the Southern Baptist Convention. The organization began publication of
the newsletter fellowship! in 1991.
Various states have established their own local organizations within the fellowship; the national headquarters remain in Atlanta.
In 2003-4 about 1,800 churches contributed to the national fellowship's $19.7 million operating budget. Former U.S. president
Jimmy Carter has been a longtime supporter of the fellowship. In 2003 the national Cooperative Baptist Fellowship became a member of the
Baptist World Alliance.
Cooperative Baptist Fellowship of Georgia was formed in 1992, and E. Frank Broome became the first full-time coordinator in
1997. The organization holds fellowship and training meetings; cooperates in erecting structures for both Habitat for Humanity and moderate churches; supports the Morningstar Treatment Services for children and teenagers with severe emotional problems;
sponsors various summer camps and other gatherings for children and youth; publishes a newsletter, Visions; and supports ministries and missionaries worldwide in cooperation with the national Cooperative Baptist Fellowship, Incorporated.
The Georgia fellowship has its headquarters in Macon. In 2004-5, 138 congregations (most dually aligned with the Georgia Baptist Convention) and 207 individuals contributed about
$815,000 to the state fellowship.
fellowship! (Cooperative Baptist Fellowship newsletter), 1991-present.
Robert G. Gardner, A Decade of Freedom and Faithfulness: The Cooperative Baptist Fellowship of Georgia, 1992-2002 (2002; reprint, Macon, Ga.: Cooperative Baptist Fellowship of Georgia, 2005).
Rob James, Gary Leazer, and James Shoopman, The Fundamentalist Takeover in the Southern Baptist Convention: A Brief History (Timisoara, Romania: Impact Media, 1999).
Visions (Cooperative Baptist Fellowship of Georgia newsletter), 1993-present.
Slayden A. Yarbrough, Southern Baptists: A Historical, Ecclesiological, and Theological Heritage of a Confessional People (Nashville, Tenn.: Fields, 2000).
Robert G. Gardner, Mercer University