Allman Brothers Band
The Allman Brothers Band, formed in 1969 and featuring twin guitars and twin drums, created the "southern rock" genre by brilliantly mixing blues, jazz, country, and rock and roll. From their base in Macon, the Allman Brothers opened the door for other southern bands, including the Atlanta Rhythm Section, Lynyrd Skynyrd, the Marshall Tucker Band, and Wet Willie.
Duane Allman, guitarist and vocalist, and his brother Gregg Allman, keyboardist and vocalist,
While attempting to coax Gregg home, Duane played with the band Second Coming, from which he recruited drummer Butch Trucks, vocalist and guitarist Dickey Betts, and bassist Berry Oakley to join him in a new band. Duane also added session drummer Jaimoe Johanson. After Gregg returned, the Allman Brothers Band debuted in Jacksonville, Florida, on March 29, 1969.
In April 1969 the band's manager, Phil Walden, convinced the musicians to move to his home
During the recording of the band's next album, Eat a Peach (1972), Duane died in a motorcycle accident in Macon. The band played at his funeral and soon thereafter resumed touring. The Allman Brothers added pianist Chuck Leavell for their next album, Brothers and Sisters (1973), which contained the hit "Ramblin' Man." During the recording of this album, Oakley was killed in a motorcycle crash in Macon. Lamar Williams replaced Oakley in the band.
After releasing Win, Lose, or Draw (1975) and their second live album, Wipe the Windows, Check the Oil, Dollar Gas (1976), the band broke up. Leavell, Williams, and Johanson then formed a new group, Sea Level. The Allman Brothers reformed in 1979 with guitarist Dan Toler and bassist Rook Goldflies to record Enlightened Rogues (1979), Reach for the Sky (1980), and Brothers of the Road (1981). The band separated again in 1982.
After the release of Dreams (1989), a boxed anthology, and Live at Ludlow Garage 1970 (1990), the band recorded Seven Turns (1990), its first studio album in nine years. Warren Haynes (lead guitar), Allen Woody (bass), and Johnny Neel (keyboards) replaced
Several compilation albums have been released since the 1970s. Today, the band members are scattered about, but the band's base remains in Macon. Allman, Trucks, Jaimoe, Quinones, Burbridge, Haynes, and Trucks's nephew Derek Trucks (guitar) continue to tour, and in 2003 the group released their first studio album in nine years, Hittin' the Note, followed by the live album One Way Out in 2004.
In 1998 the band was inducted into the Georgia Music Hall of Fame. The house in Macon where various band members lived from 1970 to 1973 opened in April 2010 as the Allman Brothers Band Museum at the Big House. The museum contains photographs, musical instruments, gold records, and other memorabilia.
Gregg Allman, My Cross to Bear (New York: William Morrow, 2012).
Marley Brant, Southern Rockers: The Roots and Legacy of Southern Rock (New York: Billboard, 1999).
Scott Freeman, Midnight Riders: The Story of the Allman Brothers Band (Boston: Little, Brown, 1995).
Randy Poe, Skydog: The Duane Allman Story (San Francisco, Calif.: Backbeat Books, 2006).
W. A. Kelly Huff, University of Georgia
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